The so-called 3D printed house can be built in less than 24 hours at a cost of only $10,000. We know how technology has drastically changed our lives over the years. Books, movies, and music have become digitalized, cars are becoming computerized, and the smartphones we carry in our pockets are more powerful than supercomputers from the mid-90s.
However, one major aspect has largely remained the same and that is housing. Every year there are 60 million more people on earth. Traditional construction cannot keep up with the demand for housing, which is expensive. To solve the problem of affordable housing, it is necessary to build quickly, cheaply, and with high quality- something that traditional construction technologies can’t fully provide.
The main drawbacks of traditional construction methods are the constant use of labor force, enormous construction times, high material costs, the risk of human error, the cost of transport and logistics, construction wastes, and the use of natural resources. In the end its the consumer who pays for it all. But that will all change with the advent of 3d printing which will allow houses to be constructed in a fraction of the time and cost compared to current construction methods.
The best way to illustrate this- is to cover a few companies springing up around the world working hard to implement the technology.
The first-ever 3D printed house demonstration
Installing robotics in construction, Apis Cor and its team made headlines in 2017 when they printed a house in Stupino, Russia in just 24 hours. The houses made up of a concrete mixture that will last for 175 years and they accomplished this using the incredible Apis Cor mobile 3D printer that can be transported right to the construction site. The printer has a stabilization system allowing it to operate without attaching it to anything, setting up takes 30 minutes and requires only two people to operate. The printing zone is 132 square meters but you can print larger structures by simply moving the printer elsewhere on the construction site. Additionally, you can have two or more printers synchronized with each other.
The company eventually wants to cut the cost of construction to a point where the tiny house can be built in cost around $10,000 including windows, doors, electrical wiring, and other bare necessities. The model house has a unique design on purpose to showcase the flexibility of 3D printed houses. With 3D printing, houses will not be limited to rectangular shapes. They’ll be able to be in any shape. On top of that, houses will be able to be printed from a variety of materials and this takes us to Wasp.
Gaia, an iPhone priced home
Wasp is a company based out of Italy and they recently completed a project called Gaia. Gaia is a tiny house constructed at a cost of just one thousand dollars using a modular printing system called The Crane Wasp. The system consists of the main printer unit that can be assembled in a different configuration allowing for the construction of larger structures. While the system can print structures out of concrete and geopolymers, it can also print from materials found right on the construction site.
The foundation is made up of timber but the 3D walls are made out of 25% soil taken from the site, 40% from straw chopped rice, 25% rice husk and 10% hydraulic lime mixed in a wet pan mill for a house largely made out of the dirt. The inside looks considerably sleek and cozy and this demonstrates how useful and economic 3D printing can be for creating shelters for disaster relief or anyone else who wants a quick crash pad for the cost of an iPhone.
So, 3D printing construction will be fast and cheap but when and where will we start seeing people actually live in 3D printed houses?
World’s first future 3D printed houses community
The answer is 2019 in the Netherlands, who could use automated construction methods as the country has a shortage of bricklayers causing high construction costs. And this is something the construction company called Van Wijnen, hopes to solve and they’re working with the city of Eindhoven to build the world’s first community of 3D printed houses.
The community will consist of five houses printed out of concrete and each house will have a progressively more complex architecture than the before one, building off what the team learned from each one. The company is approaching the project as if it was a sculpture garden with a futuristic aesthetic. Based on these renderings the project is going to look incredible once completed. We can’t wait to see it and it appears the locals are excited as well since the waitlist has 20 people for the first house alone.
Hopefully, the project will be successful and we will start seeing other projects like this around the world. And as it stands now it appears housing will finally start to catch up to the rest of the amazing technology in our lives.
America stepped for an affordable residential project
2019 has been quite an eventful year when it comes to engaging inventions like 3D-printing. As it has been in practice for some years printing and building useful things, companies such as New Story and ICON went one-step-closer and built America’s first 3D-printed home for real livelihood. Unveiled in the city of Austin, Texas, the structure has proven itself resilient and cost-effective. Collaborated and stepped-in together, both companies have set out to end global homelessness. Now, 50 more 3D-printed homes are being constructed for poor families in rural Latin America.
On one hand, we have multiple spectacles home solutions like green residential smart buildings that helped people live eco-friendly. There are not been so great homes that have worked great for rural people. It’s time to demolish the typical and commercial biased homes and feature the future homes that have seen since last year. Ideal for low-income families, 3D-printed homes can be constructed for roughly $10,000 and takes only a day to print.
Icon designed a specialized 3D-printer, partnered with New Story, a Silicon Valley-based non-profit organization for the initiative. Focusing on offbeat solutions, currently, both are working on constructing their “first-of-its-kind” foundation project of building homes for Latin American families who make less than $200 per month. Although traditional expensive homes promise life plus securities, the new tech 3D printed houses will be constructed disaster-free.
New Story has successfully taken a concrete word to build the world’s first 3D-printed community in rural areas of Tabasco, Mexico. Began in December 2019, the company has constructed eight houses so far. The developers hope to complete 50 new houses by the end of 2020.
The rural village families are the most vulnerable and in the lowest income, living on about an average of $3 a day. The area is prone to earthquakes and flooding, which are extremely common.
The estimated time to construct one home is 24 hours where the capacity of the printers allows the team to build two houses at once. While the construction cost is not entirely clear but New Story says it depends on the applicant’s level of income.
“It’s 10 times better than we were a year ago. I am so proud. It is so rare that the-most-in-need of our sisters and brothers globally get first access to advanced technologies and breakthroughs in materials science. We think part of what 3D printing allows us to do is to deliver a much higher-quality product to the housing market at a speed and price that’s typically not available for people in low-income housing,” – ICON CEO and co-founder Jason Ballard told CNN.
An earthquake-proof house that can survive 9.0 magnitude
People have been fascinated with technology since the time when it started coming compactly with our daily routines. Constructing independent homes that are designed to keep rooted for any kind of threat exists around us. Homes that take look comparing traditional designs are structured to prepare for any disaster. Having strong, sturdy walls, and a door that we can close at night it’s something fascinating, reminding us of the impossible we ever imagined.
Well, it is a beautiful aspect to see lifestyle thrives and prospers, sadly there have been many disasters that have just passed in recent years. Japan, an earthquake-prone country stands still through making earthquake-proof houses, buildings, and monuments.
Known as one of the most destructive forms of the natural disaster, earthquake drags people slip into its fatal radar. There’s a lot of uncertainty that how building collapses, but we know it begins with a single point of weakness. To fill the crack, Purdue University researchers with a 3D printing team came with a solution- created a predefined path for the crack to follow and controlling how the damage spreads. During an earthquake, the 3D printed cement paste fills the gap promoting crack whenever it causes damage.
A couple of Christmases ago, 3D printed Christmas ornaments were introduced. Things have changed fast and one of the most recent developments has been the very first complete on-site printed house. This has been put together by a company in Moscow, basically, they have a big 3D printing robotic arm that prints concrete. Imagine a giant robotic cake-icing bag full of extremely well-defined concrete, which squeezes out round and round with arm in the middle building a house layer by layer. This starts by feeding the computer blueprints of the architectural design called- digital fabrication.